A Collision Alleviation Scheme for IEEE 802.11p VANETs

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IEEE 802.11p protocol, also known as Wireless Access for the Vehicular Environment, provides dedicated short range communication for future Vehicular Ad Hoc NETworks (VANETs). According to the IEEE 802.11p standard, the highest priority traffic transmission often suffers from the consecutive collisions in bursty arrival or congested scenarios because of the naive pre-assumption of a low level of congestion in the system, and thus results in emergent messages delayed. In this paper, the authors propose a simple, but yet well performing collision alleviation scheme to alleviate intensive collisions between highest priority access categories which usually used to schedule emergency message since safety is the most critical and promising issue in VANET. In addition to theoretical analysis, simulations are conducted to evaluate its performance.