A Decision Support System for Disaster Management in Buildings

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Information systems that provide decision support in an efficient and timely manner can prove beneficial for emergency response operations. In this paper, the authors propose the use of a system that provides movement decision support to evacuees by directing them through the shortest or less hazardous routes to the exit and evaluate it with a specialized software platform that they have developed for simulation of disasters in buildings. The system operates in a distributed manner, and computes the best evacuation routes in real-time while a hazard is spreading inside the building. It is composed of a network of decision nodes and sensor nodes, positioned in specific locations inside the building.