Date Added: Oct 2012
The IEEE 802.11 distributed coordination function (DCF) employs the carrier sense technology to avoid frame collisions. However, recent measurement studies demonstrate that the physical layer (PHY) capture effect frequently occurs; even when frames collide, one of them can be decoded successfully if its relative signal strength is high enough. Furthermore, a new wireless PHY technology, called Message In Message (MIM), adopts an advanced preamble detection function to enhance the PHY capture effect. To fully exploit MIM in multi-collision environments, frame transmission orders have to be carefully scheduled. It also requires tight time synchronization at multiple access points (APs), thus induces large overheads.