A Distributional Analysis Of The Gender Wage Gap In Bangladesh
This paper decomposes the gender wage gap along the entire wage distribution into an endowment effect and a discrimination effect, taking into account possible selection into full-time employment. Applying a new decomposition approach to the Bangladesh Labour Force Survey (LFS) data the authors find that women are paid less than men everywhere on the wage distribution and the gap is higher at the lower end of the distribution. Discrimination against women is the primary determinant of the wage gap. They also find that the gap has widened over the period 1999-2005. Their results intensify the call for better enforcement of gender based affirmative action policies.