A Framework for Mobile Data Gathering With Load Balanced Clustering and MIMO Uploading
In this paper, a three-layer framework is proposed for mobile data collection in wireless sensor networks, which includes the sensor layer, cluster head layer, and mobile collector (called SenCar) layer. The framework employs distributed load balanced clustering and MIMO uploading techniques, which is referred to as LBC-MU. The objective is to achieve good scalability, long network lifetime and low data collection latency. At the sensor layer, a distributed Load Balanced Clustering (LBC) algorithm is proposed for sensors to self-organize themselves into clusters.