A Framework for Modeling and Simulating Energy Harvesting WSN Nodes with Efficient Power Management Policies
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) require an extremely energy-efficient design. As sensor nodes have limited power sources, the problem of autonomy is crucial. Energy harvesting provides a potential solution to this problem. However, as current energy harvesters produce only a small amount of energy and their storage capacity is limited, efficient power management techniques must also be considered. In this paper, the authors address the problem of modeling and simulating energy harvesting WSN nodes with efficient power management policies. They propose furthermore a framework that permits to describe and simulate an energy harvesting sensor node by using a high level modeling approach based on power consumption and energy harvesting. The node architectural parameters as well as the on-line power management techniques will also be specified.