A Framework for Resource-Aware Data Accumulation in Sparse Wireless Sensor Networks
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have become an enabling technology for a wide range of applications. In contrast, with traditional scenarios where static sensor nodes are densely deployed, a sparse WSN architecture can also be used in many cases. In a sparse WSN, special Mobile Data Collectors (MDCs) are used to gather data from ordinary sensor nodes. In general, sensor nodes do not know when they will be in contact with the MDC, hence they need to discover its presence in their communication range. To this end, discovery mechanisms based on periodic listening and a duty-cycle has shown to be effective in reducing the energy consumption of sensor nodes. However, if not properly tuned, such mechanisms can hinder the data collection process.