A Fully Integrated Multiband Frequency Synthesizer for WLAN and WiMAX Applications

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Executive Summary

This paper presents a fractional N frequency synthesizer which covers WLAN and WiMAX frequencies on a single chip. The synthesizer is fully integrated in 0.35?m BiCMOS AMS technology except crystal oscillator. The synthesizer operates at four frequency bands (3.101-3.352GHz, 3.379-3.727GHz, 3.7-4.2GHz, 4.5-5.321GHz) to provide the specifications of 802.16 and 802.11 a/b/g/y. A single on-chip LC - Gm based VCO is implemented as the core of this synthesizer. Different frequency bands are selected via capacitance switching and fine tuning is done using varactor for each of these bands. A bandgap reference circuit is implemented inside of this charge pump block to generate temperature and power supply independent reference currents. Simulated settling time is around 10?sec.

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