A Geometric Framework for Investigating the Multiple Unicast Network Coding Conjecture
The multiple unicast network coding conjecture states that for multiple unicast sessions in an undirected network, network coding is equivalent to routing. Simple and intuitive as it appears, the conjecture has remained open since its proposal in 2004, and is now a well-known unsolved problem in the field of network coding. Based on a recently proposed tool of space information flow, the authors present a geometric framework for analyzing the multiple unicast conjecture. The framework consists of four major steps, in which the conjecture is transformed from its throughput version to cost version, from the graph domain to the space domain, and then from high dimension to 1-D, where it is to be eventually proved.