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A GPS Pseudorange Based Cooperative Vehicular Distance Measurement Technique

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Executive Summary

Accurate vehicular localization is important for various Cooperative Vehicle Safety (CVS) applications such as collision avoidance, turning assistant, etc. In this paper, the authors propose a cooperative vehicular distance measurement technique based on the sharing of GPS pseudorange measurements and a weighted least squares method. The classic double difference pseudorange solution, which was originally designed for high-end survey level GPS systems, is adapted to low-end navigation level GPS receivers for its wide availability in ground vehicles. The Carrier to Noise Ratio (CNR) of raw pseudorange measurements are taken into account for noise mitigation. They present a Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) based mechanism to implement the exchange of pseudorange information among neighboring vehicles.

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