A Load Aware Routing Mechanism for Improving Energy Efficiency in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks
Integration of Load Balancing mechanisms into routing protocols has elicited significant interest to alleviate congestion and improve the performance of on-demand routing protocols. For the sustained network functionality, load balancing mechanisms need to compute energy efficient paths with lesser traffic. Further severe degradation of network performance is observed due to intense traffic activity of the neighboring nodes. This paper proposes a load balancing mechanism that is also energy efficient by considering potential traffic interference caused to neighboring nodes that influence the load of an existing flow.