Date Added: Nov 2012
In terms of data communications, TCP/IP model has remarkable role. TCP/IP is a set of network standards that specify the details that how computers communicate for interconnecting networks. This paper gives detailed information about TCP/IP model and will explain the work of every layer in brief. The complete study of hardware components required for data communication is also provided. The drawbacks or problems originated in the earlier hardware components led to the foundation of new components, there by solving all those problems.