A Low-Radix and Low-Diameter 3D Interconnection Network Design

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Executive Summary

Interconnection plays an important role in performance and power of CMP designs using deep sub-micron technology. The network-on-chip (NoCs) has been proposed as a scalable and high-bandwidth fabric for interconnect design. The advent of the 3D technology has provided further opportunity to reduce on-chip communication delay. However, the design of the 3D NoC topologies has important distinctions from 2D NoCs or off-chip interconnection networks. First, current 3D stacking technology allows only vertical inter-layer links. Hence, there cannot be direct connections between arbitrary nodes in different layers - the vertical connection topology are essentially fixed.

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