A Method of Electronic Beam Steering for Circular Switched Parasitic Dipole Arrays
This paper presents a method of electronic beam steering for a smart antenna system based on a switched parasitic array. The antenna system is made up of circular array of half wave dipoles, with four parasitic elements positioned equidistantly, surrounding one active central element. All parasitic elements are assumed to be switched between short-circuit and open-circuit states to change their resonant length. The switching between parasitic elements' states is attained by connecting a switch that assumes ON/OFF states at the centre of each parasitic element. This allows some parasitic elements to act as reflectors while shortcircuited, whereas other parasitic elements act as directors when open-circuited. Thus, the direction of maximum gain is controlled by open- and shortcircuiting the parasitic elements.