A New Coding Mode for Hybrid Video Coders Based on Quantized Motion Vectors
The rate allocation tradeoff between motion vectors and transform coefficients has a major importance when it comes to efficient video compression. This paper introduces a new coding mode for an H.264/AVC-like video coder, which improves the management of this resource allocation. The proposed technique can be used within any hybrid video encoder allowing a different coding mode for any macro-block. The key tool of the new mode is the lossy coding of motion vectors, obtained via quantization: while the transformed motion-compensated residual is computed with a high-precision motion vector, the motion vector itself is quantized before being sent to the decoder, in a rate/distortion optimized way.