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This paper describes the first step towards the realization of complex and large scale cross-organization virtual observatories by presenting a new semantically-enhanced "Sensor Network as a Service" (SNaaS) framework, which can repurpose existing sensor networks as needed and aggregate and fuse heterogeneous sensors into new virtual sensors in near-real-time. The architecture of this system allows users to create virtual sensors in a Web 2.0 collaborative map interface. Components of the system are highlighted in the paper including a semantically enhanced streaming data toolkit, virtual sensor ontologies and management middleware.
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