Date Added: Feb 2013
Mobile ad-hoc networks are unplanned, self-organizing networks composed of mobile nodes that utilize mesh networking principles for interconnectivity. Routing in ad hoc networks is a very challenging issue due to nodes mobility, dynamic topology, frequent link breakage, limitation of nodes memory, battery, bandwidth, and processing power and lack of central point like base stations or servers. Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork (MANET) is an autonomous system of mobile nodes. Each node operates not only as an end system, but also as a router to forward packets.