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Due to the growing demand for broadband services in the area of passenger transport, the implementation of wireless communication systems in HSTs has attracted great interest from communication companies. The existing wireless communication system for railways, Global System for Mobile Communication Railway (GSM-R), cannot meet the requirements for high transmission rates to satisfy the demands of current broadband users, besides the fact that GSM-R is used for train control rather than providing communications for train passengers. Using current candidates for the Fourth Generation (4G) wireless systems such as IMT-Advanced (IMT-A) and Long Term Evolution-Advanced (LTE-A) needs to overcome various challenges that face these systems in high mobility environments.
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