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The authors propose a novel localization algorithm of mobile sensors based on wireless sensor networks providing RSSI measurements between the mobile and the fixed sensors (anchors) in the network. The algorithm selects and weights the RSSI measurements according to their strength, and it uses a propagation model to transform RSSI measurements into distances, in order to estimate the position of the mobile. The algorithm also uses a virtual calibration method of the propagation model that does not require human intervention. By an experimental setup they show that the localization algorithm increases the performance with respect to the commonly used least mean square algorithm showing also how to achieve a wished accuracy increasing the anchor density.
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