Date Added: Apr 2013
Mobile ad hoc networks is a self organizing wireless networks for mobile devices. It does not require any fixed infrastructure due to no wired backbone. It is suitable to use in environment that have a need of on the fly set-up. Every host is a router and packet forwarder. Each node may be mobile, and topology changes frequently and unpredictably due to the arbitrary mobility of mobile nodes. This aspect leads to frequent path failure and route rebuilding. Routing protocol development depends on mobility management, efficient bandwidth and power usage which are critical in ad hoc networks.