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The optimal location of controllers in wireless networks is an important problem in the process of designing cellular mobile networks. In this paper, the authors present a novel algorithm based on Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) for solving it. Their objective function is determined by the total distance based on finding maximum flow in a transport network using Ford-Fulkerson algorithm satisfies capacity constraints. The experimental results show that their proposed algorithm has achieved much better performance than previous heuristic algorithms.
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