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In this paper, the authors propose a novel spatial autocorrelation model of the shadow fading process in urban macro environments. The proposed model is based on the empirical results obtained from extensive wideband radio channel measurement campaigns at 2.35 GHz in an urban area of a typical medium-sized Chinese city. The shadow fading component was extracted assuming a single-slope log-distance path loss model. The consistency with the level crossing theory of Gaussian processes is achieved by an implicit constraint on the parameters of the model.
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