A Particle Swarm Optimization for Image Segmentation in Multi Application Smart Cards
A smart card is a card embedded with integrated circuits, which can provide identification, data storage and application processing. Multi application smart cards can replace various cards, including driving license, health insurance card, national identity card, access card into one single card. Amount of data stored in smart card pose a stumbling block due to its limited memory space. Images such as personal identity photo, fingerprints, medical images required to be stored for various applications pose a major challenge in multi application smart card.