A Pipelined IP Forwarding Engine With Fast Update

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Executive Summary

IP address lookup is one of the most important functionalities in the router design. To meet the requirements in high speed routers consisting of linecards with 40Gbps transfer rates, researchers usually take lookup/update speed, storage requirement, and scalability into consideration when designing a high performance forwarding engine. As a result, hardware-based solutions are often used to develop a high speed router nowadays. In this paper, the authors develop a FPGA-based pipelined forwarding engine which focuses on reducing the update overhead. The proposed scheme partitions the routing table into several disjoint groups. The prefix which resides in the same group is interleaving stored into several memory modules to ensure the parallel comparison at the comparison stage.

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