A Power-Efficient Wireless Sensor Network for Continuously Monitoring Seismic Vibrations
The authors present a novel power-efficient wireless sensor network for continuously monitoring and analyzing seismic vibrations with sensor nodes and forwarding the retrieved information with low-cost relay nodes to backend applications. The applied vibration sensing algorithms are derived from the DIN 4150-3 standard. All nodes in the network are battery-powered and equipped with an IEEE 802.15.4 compatible radio transceiver. The nodes communicate with each other by executing a novel power-efficient protocol stack, which provides all network functions required by the vibration-sensing application and uses a publish/subscribe messaging protocol for communicating between the network nodes and the backend applications.