A Practical Scheme for Frequency Offset Estimation in MIMO-OFDM Systems

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Executive Summary

This paper deals with training-assisted Carrier Frequency Offset (CFO) estimation in Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) Orthogonal Frequency-Division multiplexing (OFDM) systems. The exact maximum likelihood (ML) solution to this problem is computationally demanding as it involves a line search over the CFO uncertainty range. To reduce the system complexity, the authors divide the CFO into an integer part plus a fractional part and select the pilot subcarriers such that the training sequences have a repetitive structure in the time domain. In this way, the fractional CFO is efficiently computed through a correlation-based approach, while ML methods are employed to estimate the integer CFO. Simulations indicate that the proposed scheme is superior to the existing alternatives in terms of both estimation accuracy and processing load.

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