A Quadratic, Complete, and Minimal Consistency Diagnosis Process for Firewall ACLs
Developing and managing firewall Access Control Lists (ACLs) are hard, time-consuming, and error-prone tasks for a variety of reasons. Complexity of networks is constantly increasing, as it is the size of firewall ACLs. Networks have different access control requirements which must be translated by a network administrator into firewall ACLs. During this task, inconsistent rules can be introduced in the ACL. Furthermore, each time a rule is modified (e.g. updated, corrected when a fault is found, etc.) a new inconsistency with other rules can be introduced. An inconsistent firewall ACL implies, in general, a design or development fault, and indicates that the firewall is accepting traffic that should be denied or vice versa.