A Quantum Based Challenge-Response User Authentication Scheme Over Noiseless Channel
In this paper, the authors propose a quantum user authentication protocol with a single photon based on short shared secret key and quantum bit error ratio verification. In this scheme, usage of proposed deterministic quantum key distribution technique and simple verification in a public channel culminate reduced photon transmission. Security's analysis proves proposed scheme is resistant to impostors' attacks and eavesdropper. Furthermore, proposed protocol can extend to multiparty environment and permits to re-use many times of the shared secret key without revealing it.