A Reliable, Traffic-Adaptive and Energy-Efficient Link Layer for Wireless Sensor Networks
The paper presents a link layer stack for wireless sensor networks, which consists of the Burst-aware Energy-efficient Adaptive Medium access control (BEAM) and the Hop-To-Hop Reliability (H2HR) protocol. BEAM can operate with short beacons to announce data transmissions or include data within the beacons. Duty cycles can be adapted by a traffic prediction mechanism indicating pending packets destined for a node and by estimating its wake-up times. H2HR takes advantage of information provided by BEAM such as neighbour information and transmission information to perform per-hop congestion control. The authors justify the design decisions by measurements in a real-world wireless sensor network testbed and compare the performance with other link layer protocols.