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The inherent near-far effect in wireless networks causes nodes that are further away from the receiver to suffer from throughput degradation, as packets from nodes that are nearer are typically received with greater signal strengths. This unfair situation is traditionally overcome by power control. However, when power control is not feasible, for example in tiny sensor nodes with power-limited batteries, alternative solutions have to be utilized to achieve fairness in the network. In this paper, the authors propose U-LiBRA - an UWB Location Based Resource Allocation scheme to alleviate the contention between near and far nodes in a TH-UWB sensor network.
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