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A Mobile Ad-Hoc NETwork (MANET) is a collection of wireless mobile nodes forming a temporary network without using centralized access points, infrastructure, or centralized administration. Swarm Intelligence (SI) is an artificial intelligence technique based around on the study of collective behavior in decentralized, self-organized systems. Ant Colony Optimization is popular among other Swarm Intelligent Techniques. Ants-based routing algorithms have attracted the attention of researchers because they are more robust, reliable, and scalable than other conventional routing algorithms. Since they do not involve extra message exchanges to maintain paths when network topology changes, they are suitable for mobile ad-hoc networks where nodes move dynamically and topology changes frequently.
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