Date Added: Sep 2012
Wireless sensor networks are harshly restricted by storage capacity, energy and computing power. So it is essential to design effective and energy aware protocol in order to enhance the network lifetime. In this paper, a review on routing protocol in WSNs is carried out which are classified as data-centric, hierarchical and location based depending on the network structure. Then some of the multipath routing protocols which are widely used in WSNs to improve network performance are also discussed. Advantages and disadvantages of each routing algorithm are discussed thereafter. Furthermore, this paper compares and summarizes the performances of routing protocols.