Date Added: Dec 2012
The future wireless communication systems demand very high data rates, anti-jamming ability and multiuser support. People want large amount of data to be continuously accessible in their personal devices. Direct Sequence (DS) spread spectrum based techniques such as Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) fulfil these requirements but, at the same time, suffer from the Intersymbol Interference (ISI). Multi Carrier CDMA (MC-CDMA) is an emerging technology to be used in mobile devices operating in an ad hoc setting due to its immunity towards ISI and having all the advantages of spread spectrum communication. One of the major problems with MC-CDMA is the high sensitivity towards carrier frequency offsets caused due to the inherent inaccuracy of crystal oscillators.