Date Added: May 2011
A new fundamental and secure group key management approach with a group controller GC using the theory of polynomial functions over a vector space over finite field is developed, where each member in the group corresponds to a vector in the vector space and the GC computes a central vector, whose inner product with every member's ID vector are identical. The central vector is published and each member can compute a common group key via inner product. The security relies on the fact that any illegitimate user cannot calculate this value without the legitimate vector, therefore, cannot derive the group key. This approach is secure and its backward and forward secrecy can be guaranteed.