A Snapshot Of Contemporary Protectionism: How Important Are The Murkier Forms Of Trade Discrimination?
This paper provides a snapshot of current protectionist dynamics making extensive use of the GTA database. Two methods of estimating the trade covered by crisis-era protectionism are also examined. Although the method used in recent WTO report may use a more appropriate level of tariff line disaggregation for some discriminatory measures, overall, it is argued that GTA's estimates provide a better estimate of the amount of global commerce affected by global era protectionism. This paper also confirms the contemporary importance of "Murky" protectionism.