Date Added: Aug 2011
This paper puts forth a straw man proposal for future diverse internets. Guided by a principle that the authors call Align-and-Decouple (AD), their AD protocol architecture design calls for lightweight transport protocols that allow for decoupled operation of networks that are either owned by different organizations, or are networks of different types/protocols. TCP's fragmentation and congestion control mechanisms modify the original data stream so significantly that all new networks are essentially designed to just carry "TCP transformed" traffic. In contrast, with the AD principle, an AD-API is defined to consist of atomic transfer and pipe communication services, which can be supported by different providers with their own specific networking technologies, and yet allow for internetworking.