Date Added: Apr 2011
The beamforming antenna technology is a promising solution to many challenges facing wireless ad hoc networks. Beamforming antennas have the ability to increase the spatial reuse, improve the transmission reliability, extend the transmission range and/or save the power consumption. If they are effectively used, they can significantly improve the network capacity, lifetime, connectivity and security. However, traditional Medium Access Control (MAC) protocols fail to exploit the potential benefits due to the unique characteristics of wireless ad hoc networks with beamforming antennas. To that end, numerous MAC protocols have been designed over the years to harness the offered potential.