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The major causes of network congestion are the lack of network resources and the irrational allocation of network resources. The traditional congestion control methods such as rate control, window mechanism, queue control and others can solve the congestion problem, but for the congestion due to irrational allocation fundamental solution is to make more effectively use of the network resources by adjusting the traffic routing depending on choice may be probabilistic, when congestion occurs. In mobile ad hoc networks congestion creates delay in transmission and also loss of the packet that causes wastage of time and energy on recovery.
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