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A novel design for equilateral-triangular microstrip antennas with switchable resonant frequency is proposed. For dual-frequency operation, the proposed design is achieved by loading a pair of slits in the triangular patch, and two PIN diodes are utilized to switch the slits on or off. By increasing the length of the slits, the lower resonant frequency can be varied in the range from 1.22 GHz to 1.72 GHz whereas the upper resonant frequency remains unchanged. In satellite and wireless mobile communication systems applications, microstrip antennas have attracted much interest due to their low profile, light weight, and easy fabrication with monolithic circuits.
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