Outsourcing

A Theory Of Outsourcing And Wage Decline

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Executive Summary

The authors develop a theory of outsourcing in which there is market power in one factor market (labor) and no market power in a second factor market (capital). There are two intermediate goods: one labor-intensive and the other capital-intensive. They show there is always outsourcing in the market allocation when a friction limiting outsourcing is not too big. The key factor underlying the result is that labor demand is more elastic, the greater the labor share. Integrated plants pay higher wages than the specialist producers of labor-intensive intermediates. They derive conditions under which there are multiple equilibria that vary in the degree of outsourcing.

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