Mobility

A Trust-Based Cross-Layer Security Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

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Executive Summary

In this paper, the authors develop a trust based security protocol based on a cross-layer approach which attains confidentiality and authentication of packets in both routing and link layers of MANETs. In the first phase of the protocol, they design a trust based packet forwarding scheme for detecting and isolating the malicious nodes using the routing layer information. It uses trust values to favor packet forwarding by maintaining a trust counter for each node. A node is punished or rewarded by decreasing or increasing the trust counter. If the trust counter value falls below a trust threshold, the corresponding intermediate node is marked as malicious. In the next phase of the protocol, they provide link-layer security using the CBC-X mode of authentication and encryption.

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