Date Added: May 2009
In this paper, the authors present the use of a wireless sensor network in a lab for subsurface contaminant plume monitoring with the objective of automatic calibration of groundwater transport models. A tank configured to simulate an aquifer was used as a testbed, and a 2D model was created based on the setup. To simulate a contaminant plume, an ion tracer was injected into the tank. Sensor probes capable of detecting the plume were buried inside the tank, and wireless motes used to take readings from the sensors and relay data to a base station. More importantly, a run-time fault detection and diagnosis for abnormal sensor readings is designed and integrated into the data acquisition system.