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Merging MPLS into multicast routing protocol in mobile ad hoc network is an elegant method to enhance the network performance and an efficient solution for multicast scalability and control overhead problems. Based on the Wireless MPLS technology, the mechanism and evaluation of a new multicast protocol, the Label Switching Multicast Routing Protocol (LSMRP) is presented in this paper. An ad hoc network is a network that is dynamically reconfigurable, rapidly deployable, and does not depend on a fixed infrastructure or a central administration. Efficient multicasting in mobile ad hoc network faces challenges not encountered in other types of networks such as the mobility of nodes, the tenuous status of communication links, limited resources, and indefinite knowledge of the network topology.
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