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A Yoke of Oxen and a Thousand Chickens for Heavy Lifting Graph Processing

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Executive Summary

Large, real-world graphs are famously difficult to process efficiently. Not only they have a large memory footprint but most graph processing algorithms entail memory access patterns with poor locality, data-dependent parallelism, and a low compute-to-memory access ratio. Additionally, most real-world graphs have a low diameter and a highly heterogeneous node degree distribution. Partitioning these graphs and simultaneously achieve access locality and load-balancing is difficult if not impossible. This paper demonstrates the feasibility of graph processing on heterogeneous (i.e., including both CPUs and GPUs) platforms as a cost-effective approach towards addressing the graph processing challenges above.

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