Activity Theory: A Useful Framework For Analysing Project-Based Organizations
This paper contributes to the efforts to understand the dynamics of project mode of work and project-based organizations by highlighting the usefulness of Activity Theory and the associated concepts from practice-based approaches to organizations. The author utilizes his experiences during his doctoral work in the setting of software development firms in India. Initially, the theoretical roots of the Activity Theory are explored in the context of other practice-based frameworks. Through an elaborate structuring of the elements in social and organizational situations, the concept of "Activity" tries to overcome the separation of human action from the relevant elements embedded in the context.