Date Added: Mar 2011
Distributed network computing environments have become a cost effective and popular choice to achieve high performance and to solve large scale computation problems. Unlike past supercomputers, a cluster or grid or Peer-To-Peer (P2P) system can be used as multipurpose computing platform to run diverse high performance parallel applications. Cluster computing environment consist of Personal Computers (PCs) that are interconnected using high speed networks and are located at same location where as grid computing involves coupled and coordinated use of geographically distributed resources for purposes such as large scale computation and distributed data analysis. Peer-To-Peer is composed of participants that make a portion of their resources (such as processing power, disk storage, and network bandwidth) available directly to their peers without intermediary network hosts or servers.