Adaptive Calibration for Fusion-Based Wireless Sensor Networks

Date Added: Dec 2009
Format: PDF

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are typically composed of low-cost sensors that are deeply integrated with physical environments. As a result, the sensing performance of a WSN is inevitably undermined by various physical uncertainties, which include stochastic sensor noises, unpredictable environment changes and dynamics of the monitored phenomenon. Traditional solutions (e.g., sensor calibration and collaborative signal processing) work in an open-loop fashion and hence fail to adapt to these uncertainties after system deployment. In this paper, the authors propose an adaptive system-level calibration approach for a class of sensor networks that employ data fusion to improve system sensing performance.