Adaptive Data Collection Strategies for Lifetime-Constrained Wireless Sensor Networks

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Executive Summary

Communication is a primary source of energy consumption in wireless sensor networks. Due to resource constraints, the sensor nodes may not have enough energy to report every reading to the base station over a required network lifetime. This paper investigates data collection strategies in lifetime-constrained wireless sensor networks. The objective is to maximize the accuracy of data collected by the base station over the network lifetime. Instead of sending sensor readings periodically, the relative importance of the readings is considered in data collection: the sensor nodes send data updates to the base station when the new readings differ more substantially from the previous ones. The authors analyze the optimal update strategy and develop adaptive update strategies for both individual and aggregate data collections.

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