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An adaptive Turbo Trellis Coded Modulation (ATTCM) aided Cognitive Radio (CR) scheme is proposed for cooperative communication among Primary Users (PUs) and Cognitive Users (CUs). The new cooperative protocol allows a CU to serve as a Relay Node (RN) for relaying the signal of the first PU, which is a Source Node (SN) to the second PU, which is a Destination Node (DN). More specifically, an active cooperation between the PU and the CU would lead to a reduction of the transmission power and/or to an increased transmission rate for the PU. These benefits may be translated into a reduced transmission bandwidth and the freed bandwidth may be leased to a group of CUs for their secondary communications.
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