An Adaptive Strategy for Energy-Efficient Data Collection in Sparse Wireless Sensor Networks
Sparse Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are being effectively used in several applications, which include transportation, urban safety, environment monitoring, and many others. Sensor nodes typically transfer acquired data to other nodes and base stations. Such data transfer operations are critical, especially in sparse WSNs with mobile elements. In this paper, the authors investigate data collection in sparse WSNs by means of special nodes called Mobile Data Collectors (MDCs), which visit sensor nodes opportunistically to gather data. As contact times and other information are not known a priori, the discovery of an incoming MDC by the static sensor node becomes a critical task. Ideally, the discovery strategy should be able to correctly detect contacts while keeping low energy consumption.